Literature and links for Blue Crabs, crab pots and by catch

 

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Blue crabs: State Agency and information sources

Blue Crab Literature

Literature on bycatch in crab pots other than terrapins

 

 

 

Blue Crabs: State Agencies and information sources Jump to the top

 

Maine

 

   http://www.marine.gov/dmr/index.html (home page)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/maine.htm (blue crabs in ME)

Marine Department of Marine Resources, 21 State House Sta., Agusta, ME 04333    (207) 624-6550

 

Massachusetts

 

   http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dmf/index.html (home page)

   http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dmf/recreationalfishing/rec_index.htm (regulations)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/massachusetts.htm (blue crabs in MA)

Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries, 251 Causeway Street, Suite 400, Boston, MA 02114   (617) 626-1520

 

Rhode Island

 

   http://www.state.ri.us/dem/ (home page)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/rhode_island.htm (blue crabs in RI)

Department of Environmental Management, Division of Fish & Wildlife, 4808 Tower Hill Rd., Wakefield, RI 02879 (401) 789-3094

 

Connecticut

 

   http://www.dep.state.ct.us/  (home page)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/connecticut.htm  (blue crabs in CT)

Department of Environmental Protection, 79 Elm Street, Hartford, CT 06106-5127   (860) 434-6043

 

New York

 

    http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/dfwmr/marine/index.htm (home page)

    http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/dfwmr/marine/finfish/swflaws.html (regulations)

    http://www.blue-crab.org/new_york.htm (blue crabs in NY)

NYS DEC Finfish and Crustaceans, 205 N. Belle Mead Road, Suite 1, East Setauket, NY 11733   (631) 444-0430

 

New Jersey

 

   http://www.state.nj.us?dep/fgw/index.htm (home page)

   http://www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/blueclaw.htm (crab regulations)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/new_jersey.htm (blue crabs in NJ)

New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife, P.O. Box 400, Trenton, NJ 08625-0400    (609) 292-2083

 

Delaware

 

   http://www.dnrec.state.de.us/dnrec2000/ (home page)

   http://www.dnrec.state.de.us/fw/fishing.htm (regulations)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/delaware.htm (blue crabs in DE)

 

   Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife, 89 Kings Highway, Dover, DE 19901    (302) 739-5295

 

 

Maryland

 

   http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fisheries/ (home page)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/maryland.htm (blue crabs in MD)

Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Fisheries Service, 580 Taylor Ave., Annapolis, MD 21401   (800) 688-3467

 

Virginia

 

   http://www.mrc.state.va.us/index.htm (home page)

   http://www.mrc.state.va.us/recfish&crabrules.htm (VA crabbing regulations)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/virginia.htm (blue crabs in VA)

Virginia Marine Resources Commission, Fisheries Service, 2600 Washington Ave., 3rd  floor, Newport News, VA 23607    (757) 247-2200 

http://www.vims.edu (home page, then use the site’s search engine for blue crab information.) Virginia Institute of Marine Science

 

 

North Carolina

 

   http://www.ncfisheries.net/  (home page)

   http://www.ncfisheries.net/recgide.htm (recreational limits)

   http://www.ncfisheries.ner/bluecrab/index.html (blue crab information)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/north_carolina.htm (blue crabs in NC)

North Carolina Division of Marine Fisheries, P. O. Box 769, Morehead City, NC 28557    (252) 726-7021

http://www.ncseagrant.org/ (home page, then use the site's search engine for blue crab information.) North Carolina Sea Grant

 

 

South Carolina

 

   http://www.dnr.state.sc.us/ (home page)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/south_carolina.htm (blue crab in SC)

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, P.O. Box 167, Columbia, SC 29202    (803) 734-3888

 

Georgia

 

    http://www.gadnr.org/ (home page and regulations)

    http://www.blue-crab.org/georgia.htm (blue crabs in GA)

Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Coastal Resource Division, One Conservation Way, Brunswick, GA 31520-8687   (912) 264-7218

 

Florida

 

    http://www.floridaconservation.org//marine/ (home page)

    http://www.myfwc.com/marine/recreational/recbluecrb.htm (regulations)

    http://www.blue-crab.org/florida.htm (blue crabs in FLA)

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of Marine Fisheries, 2590 Executive Ctc. Circle E. Ste. 201, Tallahassee, FL 32301   (850) 487-0554

 

Alabama

 

   http://www.outdooralabama.com/  (home page)

   http://www.outdooralabama.com/fishing/saltwater/regulaions/ (regulations)

Alabama Marine Resources Division, P. O. Box 189, Dauphin Island, AL 36528    (334) 861-2882)

P. O. Drawer 458, Gulf Shores, AL 36547   (251) 968-7576

 

Mississippi

 

   http://www.dmr.state.ms.us/ (home page)

   http://www.dmr.state.us/Fisheries/crabbing.htm (regulations)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/mississippi.htm (blue crabs in MS)

Mississippi Department of Marine Resources, 1141 Bayview Avenue, Suite 101, Biloxi, MS 39530   (228) 374-5022, ext. 5121

 

Louisiana

 

   http://www.wlf.state.la.us/apps/netgear/index.asp?cn=lawlf&pid=1 (home page)

   http://www.wlf.state.la.us/aps/netgear/index.asp?cn=lawlf&pid=102 (regulations)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/louisiana.htm (blue crabs in LA)

Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. P. O. Box 98000, Baton Rouge, LA 70898-9000   (985) 594-4139

 

Texas

 

   http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/ (home page)

   http://www.tpwd.stste.tx.us/publications/annual/fish/crabreg.phtml (crab regulations)

   http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/fish/specinfo/crab/crabbro.phtml (crab information)

   http://www.blue-crab.org/texas.htm (blue crabs in TX)

Texas Parks and Wildlife, 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, TX 78744   (800) 792-1112   (512) 389-4800

 

 

‘And Marion’s nose looks red and raw

When roasted crabs hiss in the bowl.’

                             Wm. Shakespeare 1564-1616  Love’s Labour’s Lost v.ii [920]

      

Tortoise Reserve, White Lake, NC

                                                             

(c) The Tortoise Reserve

 

Blue Crab Literature Jump to the top

Callinectes sapidus, Rathbun

 

 

Abbe, G. R. 1974. Second terminal molt in an adult female blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun. Transcations of the American Fisheries Society. 103(3): 643-644.

 

Abbe, G. R. 1983. A study of blue crab populationsin Chesapeake Bay in the vicinity of the Calvert  Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, 1968-1981. JournalShellfish Research 3: 183-193.

 

Abbe, G. R. and C. Stagg. 1966. Trends in blue  crab (Callinectes sapidus Rathbun) catches  near Calvert Cliffs, Maryland from 1968 to1995 and their relationship to the Marylandcommercial fishery. Journal Shellfish Research. 15: 751-758.

 

Adkins, G. 1972. Notes on the occurrence and distribution of the rhizocephalan parasite (Loxothylacus texanus Boschma) of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus Rathbun) in Louisiana estuaries. Lousiiana Wildlife and Fisheries Commission, Technical Bulletin. 2. 13 pages.

 

Alexander, S. K. 1986. Diet of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, from nearshore havitats of Galveston Island, Texas. Texas Journal of Science. 38:  85-89.

 

Anonymous. 1950. Truly a blue crab. Maryland Tidewater News. 7(4): 5.

 

Anonymous. 1965. Invasion. Desperation as blue crabs swamp Nile delta. Fishing News International. 4(1): 56-57.

 

Anonymous. 1975. Photos of crabs with by-line. The Northumberland Echo, Heathsville, Virginia. 74(30: July 31.

 

Banoub, W. M. 1963. Survey of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus (Rath.), in Lake Edku in 1960. Hydrobiological Department, Alexandria Institute of Hydrobiology, Kayed Bay, Alexandria, Egypt. Notes and Memoirs. 69: 1-18.

 

Benefield, R. L. 1968. Survey of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) sport fishery of the Galveston Bay system, 1968. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Project Report 1986: 35-44.

 

Boschma, H. 1972. On the occurrence of Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus) and its parasite Sacculina carcini Thompson in Burma, with notes on the transport of crabs to new localities. Zoologische Mededelingen. 47: 145-155.

 

Bradbury, P. C. 1994. Parasitic protozoa of mollusks and Crustacea, vol. 8. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

 

Bridgemann, F. J. 1969. Life cycle of Carneophilus choanophallus n. sp. and C. basodactylophallus n. sp. (Trematoda: Microphallidae). Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany. 15(3): 81-105.

 

Bulgurkov, K. 1968. Occurrence of Callinectes sapidus Rathbun (Crustacea Decapoda) in Black Sea. Proceedings of the Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, Varna. 9: 97-99. (in Russian with English summary)

 

Cargo, D. G. 1960. A megalops of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, in the Patuxent River, Maryland. Chesapeake Science. 1(2): 110.

 

Causey, D. 1961. The barnacle genus Octolasmis in the Gulf of Mexico. Turtox News. 39(2): 51-55.

 

Chance, F. A., Jr. and H. H. Hobbs, Jr. 1969. The freshwater and terrestrial decapod crustaceans of the West Indies with special reference to Dominica. Bredin-Archbold-Smithsonian Biological Survey of Dominica. United States National Museum Bulletin. 292, v+258pages, plates 1-5.

 

Childress, U. R. 1963. Coordination of the blue crab studies of the Texas coast. Texas Game and Fish Commission, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1961-1962. Project No. MC-R-1: Job 1; 15 pages.

 

Childress, U. R. 1963. Population studies of the blue crabs of Espiritu Santo- San Antionio Bay system. Texas Game and Fish Commission, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1961-1962. Project No. MC-R-1: Job 4; 8 pages.

 

Childress, U. R. 1964. Coordination of the blue crab studies of the Texas coast. Texas Game and Fish Commission, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1963: 515-529.

 

Childress, U. R. 1964.  Population studies of blue crabs of the San Antonio-Espiritu Santo Bay system. Texas Game and Fish Commission, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1963: 545-551.

 

Christiansen, M. E. 1969. Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura. Marine Invertebrates of Scandinavia. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo. 143 pages.

 

Christmas, Y. V. 1969. Parasitic barnacles in Mississippi estuaries with special reference to Loxothylacus texanus Boschma in the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus). Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference, Southeastern Game and Fish Commissioners. Pages 272-275.

 

Churchhill, E. P., Jr. 1919. Life history of the blue crab. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries. 36 (for 1917-18): 95-128, color frontispiece, plates 47-55.

 

Churchhill, E. P, Jr. Life history of the bluecrab. Bulletin U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, 36:95-

128.

 

Colwell, R. R., T. C. Wicks, and H. S. Tubiash. 1975. A comparative study of the bacterial flora of the hemolymph of Callinectes sapidus. Marine Fisheries Review. 37(5-6): 29-33.

 

Costlow, J. D., Jr. 1965. Variability in larval stages of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. Biological Bulletin. 128(1): 58-66.

 

Costlow, J. D., Jr. 1967. The effect of salinity and temperature on the survival and metamorphosis of megalops of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus. Helgolaender Wissenschaftliche Merresuntersuchungen. 15: 84-97.

 

Costlow, J. D., Jr. and C. G. Bookhout 1959. The larval development of Callinectes sapidus Rathburn reared in the laboratory. Biological Bulletin. 116(3): 373-396.

 

Costlow, J. D., Jr. and A. N. Sastry. 1966. Free amino acids in developing stages of two crabs, Callinectes sapidus and Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould). Act Embryologiae et Morphologiae Experimentalis. 9: 44-55.

 

Costlow, J. D., Jr., G. H. Rees, and C. G. Bookhout. 1959. Preliminary notes on the complete larval development of Callinectes sapidus under laboratory conditions. Limnology and Oceanography. 4(2): 222-223.

 

Daniels, B. A. and R. T. Sawyer. 1975. The biology of the leech Myzodbella lugubris infesting blue crabs and catfish. Biological Bulletin 143(2): 193-198.

 

Darrell, R. M. 1958.Food habits of fishes and larger invertebrates of Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana. Publication of the Institure of Marine Science 5: 353-416.

 

Darrell, R. M. 1959. Studies of the life history of the blue crab (Callinectes spidus Rathbun) in Louisiana waters. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 88: 294-304.

 

Daugherty, F. M., Jr. 1952. Notes on Callinectes danae Smith in Aransas Bay, Texas, and adjacent waters. Texas Journal of Science. 4(2): 264-267.

 

Davis, J. W., and R. K. Sizemore. 1982. Incidence of Vibrio species associated

with blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) collected from Galveston Bay, Texas. Applied Environmental Microbiology 43:1092–1097.

 

Dunham, P. J. 1978. Sex pheromones in Crustacea. Biological Reviews. 53(4): 555-583.

 

Dunnington, E. A. 1956. Blue crabs observed to dig soft shell clams for food. Maryland Tidewater News. 12: 1-4.

 

Eaele, S. 1925. Maryland’s efforts to save the blue  crab of Chesapeake Bay. Conservation Bulletin Nº 1, State of Maryland.

 

Farr, J. A. 1978. Blue crab predation on jellyfish. Florida Scientist. 41(4); 217-219.

 

Fender, D. L. 1973. An annotated key to crabs and lobsters (Decapod, Reptantia) from coastal waters of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Center for Wetland Resources, Louisiana State University, Sea Grant Publication LSU-SG-73-02, vii + 130 pages, 12 plates.

 

Fisher, K. J. 1965. The use of catch-effort, catch-sampling, and tagging data to estimate a population of blue crabs. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 91:275-278.

 

Fischler, K. J. and C. H. Walburg. 1962. Blue crab movement in coastal South Carolina, 1958-59. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 91(3): 275-278.

 

Fowler, H. W. 1912. The Crustacea of New Jersey. Annual Report of the New Jersey State Museum. Part 2: 29-650, plates 1-150.

 

Franks, J. S., J. Y. Christmas, W. L. Siler, R. Combs, R. Waller, and C. Burns. 1972. A study of nektonic and benthic faunas of the shallow Gulf of Mexico off the state of Mississippi as related to some physical, chemical and geological factors. Gulf Research Reports. 4(1): iv,1-148.

 

Frischer, M. E., R. F. Lee, M. A. Sheppard, A. Mauer, F. Rambow, M. Neumann, J. E. Brofft, T. Wizenmann, and J. M. Danforth. 2006. Evidence for a free-living life stage of the blue crab parasitic dinoflagelate, Hematodinium sp. Harmful Algae 5:548–557.

 

Froglia, C. 1972. Segnalazione di alcuni crostacei nuovi o rari per I’Adriatico. Quaderni del Laboratorio di Tecnologia della Pesca, Ancona, Anno 3, 1(3): 43-52.

 

Gallaway, B. J,, and K. Stawn. 1972. Seasonal abundance of blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus, in the discharge area of the P. H. Robinson Generating Station, Galveston Bay, Texas. 21st Annual Meeting Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Knoxville, Tennessee, 25 pages.

 

George, C. J. and V. Athanassiou. 1965. The occurrence of the American blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, in the coastal waters of Lebanon. Doriana. 4(160): 1-3.

 

Glaessner, M. F. 1969. Decapoda. In Raymnd C. More (ed.), Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, part R, Arthropoda. 4, 2: R399-R533, R533-R628. University of Kansas and Geological Society of America, Inc.

 

Gowanloch, J. N. 1952. The Louisiana crab fishery. Louisiana Conservationist. 4(9-10): 6-9.

 

Gray, I. E. 1957. A comparative study of the gill area of crabs. Biological Bulletin. 112(1): 34-42.

 

Gruebl, T. M., M. E. Frisher, M. Sheppard, M. Neumann, A. N. Maurer, and R. F. Lee. 2002. Development of an 18S rRNA gene-targeted PCR-based diagnostic for the blue crab parasite Hematodinium sp. Dis. Aquat. Org. 49:61–70.

 

Haefner, P. A., Jr. 1961. A blue crab. Estuarine Bulletin, University of Delaware. 6(3-4): 3-5.

 

Hamilton, P. V. 1976. Predation on Littorina irrorata (Mollusca: Gastropoda) by Callinectes sapidus (Crustacea: Portunidae). Bulletin of Marine Science. 26(3): 403-409.

 

Hamilton, P. V., R. T. Nishimoto, and J. G. Halusky. 1976. Cheliped laterality in Callinectes sapidus (Crustacea: Portunidae). Biological Bulletin. 150(3): 393-401.

 

Hammerschmidt, P. C. 1985. Relative blue crab abundance in Texas coastal waters. Journal of Shellfish Research. 5(1): 9-11.

 

Hammerschmidt, P. C., and L. W. McEachron. 1986. Trends in the relative abundance of selected shellfishes along the Texas coast: January 1977- March 1986. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Management Data Series, No. 108: 149 pages.

 

Hammerschmidt, P. C. L. W. McEachron, and K. L. Meador. 1988. Trends in relative abundance of selected shellfishes along the Texas coast: January 1977- December 1986. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Management Data Series, No. 133: 77 pages.

 

Hard, W. L. 1942. Ovarian growth and ovulation in the mature blue crab Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Publication 46: 1-17, 3 plates.

 

Harrington, R. A. 1970. Evaluation of the trotline fishery of the upper Laguna Madre. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Project Report 1969 and 1970: 1-22.

 

Hawtey, W. C. 1963. Blue crab investigations in the upper Laguna Madre. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1961 and 1962, Project No. MC-R-1: Job No. 7:3 pages.

 

Hawtey, W. C. 1964.  Population studies of the blue crabs of the upper Laguna Madre. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1963: 577-579.

 

Hawley, W. C. 1965. Population studies of the blue crabs of the upper Laguna Madre. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1964: 609-612.

 

Heard, R. W. 1970. Parasites of the clapper rail, Rallus longirostis Boddaert. Some trematodes and cestodes from Spartina marshes of the eastern United States. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington. 37(2): 147-153.

 

Herke, W. H. 1971. Une of natural and semi-impounded Louisiana tidal marshes as nurseries for fishes and crustacea. Ph.D dissertation, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 242 pages.

 

Herke, W. H.,  E. E.  Knudsen, P. A. Knudsen, and B. D. Rogers. 1987. Effects of semi-impoundment on fish and crustacean nursery use: evaluation of a “solution”. Coastal Zone 87: 2562-2576.

 

Hilderbrand. H. H. 1957. Estudios biologicos preliminaries sobre la Laguna Madre de Tamaulipas. Ciencia Revista Hispano-america de Ciencias puras y aplicadas. 17(7-9): 151-173.

 

Hoese, H. D., and R. S. Jones. 1963. Seasonality of larger animals in a Texas turtle grass community. Publication of the Institute of Marine Science, University of Texas. 9: 37-47.

 

Holthuis, L. B. 1961. Report on a collection of Crustacea Decpoda and Stomatopoda from Turkey and the Balkans. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden. 47, 67 pages, 2 plates.

 

Holthuis, L. B. 1969.Enkele interessante Nederlandse Crustacea. Bijdragen Faunistiek Nederland 1. Zoologische Bijdragen. 11 (1969): 34-49, 1 plate.

 

Holthuis, L. B. and E. Gottlieb. 1955. The occurrence of the American blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, in Israel waters. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel. 5B(2): 154-156.

 

Holthuis, L. B. and E. Gottlieb. 1958. An annotated list of the decapod Crustacea of the Mediterranean coast of Israel, with an appendix listing the Decapoda of the eastern Mediterranean. Bulletin of the Research Council of Isreal. 7B(1-2): 1-126.

 

Hopkins, S. H. 1947. The nemertean Carcinonemertes as an indicator of the spawning history of the host, Callinectes sapidus. Journal of Parasitology. 33(2): 146-150.

 

Jachowski, R. 1963. Observations on the moon jelly, Aurelia aurita, and the spider crab, Libinia dubia. Chesapeake Science. 4(4): 195.

 

Jachowski, R. 1974. Agonistic behavior of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun. Behavior. 50(3-4): 232-253.

 

Johnson, D. F. and K. W. Hess. 1990. Numericalsimulations of blue crab larval dispersal andrecruitment. Bull. Mar. Science. 46: 195-213.

 

Johnson, D. R. 1985. Wind-forced dispersion ofblue crab larvae in the Middle Atlantic Bight.Continental Shelf Research. 4: 733-745.

 

Johnson, D. R., B. S. Hester, and J. R. McConaugh. Studies of a wind mechanism influencing the recruitment of blue crabsin the Middle Atlantic Bight. Continental Shelf Research.3: 425-437.

 

Johnson, P. T. 1977. Paramoebiasis in the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. Journal Invertebrate. Pathology. 29:308–320.

 

Johnson, R. B. 1964. Population studies of the blue crabs of the lower Laguna Madre. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1963: 581-585.

 

Johnson, R. B. 1965. Population studies of the blue crabs of the lower Laguna Madre. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1964: 613-621.

 

Kalber, F. A. 1970. Osmoregulation in decapod larvae as a consideration in culture techniques. Helogolaender Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen. 20(1-4): 697-706.

 

King, B. D., III. 1965. Population studies of the blue crabs of the Matagorda Bay system. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1964: 575-587.

 

King, B. D., III. 1971. A study of migratory patterns of fish and shellfish through a natural pass. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Technical Series. 9. 54 pages.

 

Kinzelbach, R. 1965. Die Blaue Schwimmkrabbe (Callinectes sapidus), ein Neuburger im Mittlemeer. Natur und Museum, Frankfurt. 95(7): 293-296.

 

Lambou, V. W. 1961. Utilization of macrocrustaceans for food by freshwater fishes in Louisiana and its effects on the determination of predator-prey relations. Program of Fish-Culture 23: 18-25.

 

Leahy, T. H. 1975. How big is a crab’s world? Sea Grant 70’s. NOAA. 5(5): 1-2.

 

Lee, R. F. D., and M. E. Frischer. 2004. The decline of the blue crab: changing weather patterns and a suffocating parasite may have reduced the numbers of this species along the Eastern seaboard. American Scientist 92:548–553.

 

Logothetis, E.A., D. Beresoff, T. Likos, E. Wood, and D. Rimmer.  2007. Characterizing the offshore population of blue crabs, and tracking the movements of mature female blue crabs in central and southeastern North Carolina in 2005 and 2006.  NC Sea Grant, Blue Crab Research Program, Raleigh, NC.  Final Report 06-POP-02. 43p. 

 

Lowery, T. A., and L. G. Tate. 1986. Effects of hypoxia on hemolymph lactate and behavior of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, in the laboratory and field. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 85A: 689-692.

 

Martinez, R. 1963. Survey of blue crab populations in the Corpus Christi Bay System. Texas Game and Fish Commission, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1961-1962, Project No. MC-R-1: Job No. 6: 5 pages.

 

Martinez, R. 1964. Survey of blue crab populations in the Corpus Christi Bay System. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1963: 569-575.

 

Martinez, R. 1965. Survey of blue crab populations in the Corpus Christi Bay System. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1964: 601-608.

 

Maury, A. 1975. A propos du “Crabe Bleu.” Bulletin Trimestriel de la Societe Geologique de Normandie, Museum du Havre. 62(4): 25, photo.

 

McConaugha, J. R., D. F. Johnston, A. J. Provenzano, and R. C. Marks. 1983.  Seasonal distribution of larvae of Callinectes sapidus(Crustacea: Decapoda) in the waters adjacent to Chesapeake Bay.  Journal Crustacean Biology. 3: 582-591.

 

McKenna, S., L. T. Henry., and S. Diaby. 1998.  North Carolina Fishery Management Plan for Blue Crab. NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Division of Marine Fisheries, Morehead City, NC. 171 pp. 

 

Menzel, R. W., and S. H. Hopkins. 1956. Crabs as predators of oysters in Louisiana. Proceedings of the National Shellfisheries Association. 46(for 1955): 177-145.

 

Meyer, P. 2005. Blue Crabs: catch’em, cook’em, eat’em. Avian-Cetacean Press. Wilmington, North Carolina. 128 pages.

 

Millikin, M. R., and A. B. Williams. 1984. Synopsisof biological data on the blue crab, Callinectessapidus Rathbun. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 1.

 

Moffett, A. W., and W. R. More. 1964. Population studies of the blue crabs of Galveston Bay system. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1963: 531-544.

 

More, W. J. 1965. A study of the blue crabs of Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1964: 231-234.

 

More, W. J. 1966. Studies of the blue crabs of Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1966: 27-38.

 

More, W. J. 1969. A contribution to the biology of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus Rathburn) in Texas, with a description of the fishery. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Technical Service. 1. 31 pages.

 

More, W. R, and A. W. Moffett. 1965. Population studies of the blue crabs of Galveston Bay system. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1964: 551-574.

 

National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS). Annual Volumes 1945-95, Fishery Statistics of theUnited States.  U.S. Department of Commerce.

 

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Reinhard, E. G. 1950. The morphology of Loxothylacus texanus Boschma, a sacculinid parasite of the blue crab. The Texas Journal of Science. 2(3): 360-365.

 

Reinhard, E. G. 1951. Loxothylacus, a paraite of the blue crab in Texas. Texas Game and Fish. 9(5): 14-17.

 

Ringuelet, R. A. 1963. Hallazgo de Callinectes sapidus acutidus Rathbun en la ribera occidental del Rio de la Plata (Crust. Brach. Portunidae). Physis, Revista de al Asociacion Argentia de Ciencias Naturales. 24(7): 86.

 

Robinson, L. A. 1977. Fisheries statistics of the United States, 1976. United States Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Service, Current Fisheries Statistics. 7200, 96 pages.

 

Rogers, B. D., W. H. Herke, and J. A. Grimes. 1983. A study of the seasonal presence, relative abundance, movements and use of habitat types by estuarine-dependent fishes and economically important decapod crustaceans of the Sabine National Wildlife Refuges. In Shabica, S. V., N. B. Cofer, and E. W. Cake, Jr. (eds.). Proceedings of Northern Gulf of Mexico Estuaries and Barrier Island Research Conference. 13-14 June 1983, Biloxi, Mississippi. U.S. National Park Service, Atlanta, Georgia. 191 pages.

 

Rogers, D. R. 1989. Effects of rock and standard weirs on fish and macrocrustacean communities. M. S. thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge: 143 pages.

 

Rosen, B. 1967. Shell disease of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 9(3): 347-353.

 

Rothschild, B. J., and J. S. Ault. 1992. Assessment of  the Chesapeake Bay blue crab stock. Ref. No.UMCEES [CBL] 92-082. Final report for NO/NMFS Grant NA16FU0529-01.

 

Rugolo, L., A. Lange, K. Knotts, C. Stagg, R. O’Relly, M. Terceiro, V. Crecco, and D. Vaughan. 1997. Chesapeake Bay blue crabstock assessment. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Chesapeake Bay Stock Assessment Committee, Annapolis, Maryland.

 

Saloman, C. H., S. P. Naughton, and J. L. Taylor. 1982. Benthic faunal assemblages of shallow water, sand, and seagrass habitats, St. Andrew Bay, Florida. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Panama City, Florida.

 

Sandifer, P. A. 1973. Distribution and abundance of decapod crustacean larvae in the York River estuary and adjacent lower Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, 1968-1969. Chesapeake Science. 14(4): 235-257.

 

Sawyer, R. T., A. R. Lawler, and R. M. Overstreet. 1975. Marine leeches of the eastern United States and the Gulf of Mexico with a key to the species. Journal of Natural History. 9: 646-653.

 

Schultz, R. L. 1963. Population studies of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, in the Aransas Bay system. Texas Game and Fish Commission, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1961-1962, Project No. MF-R-4: Jon No. 5: 24 pages.

 

Schultz, R. L. 1964. Population studies of the blue crabs of the Aransas Bay system. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1963: 553-567.

 

Schultz, R. L. 1965. Population studies of the blue crab of the Aransas Bay system. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Coastal Fisheries Branch, Project Report 1964: 595-600.

 

Scattergood, L. W. 1960. Blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) in Maine. Maine Field Naturalist. 16(3): 59-63.

 

Shipp, L. P. 1964. The vertical and horizontal distribution of decapod larvae in relation to some environmental conditions within a salt marsh area of north central Gulf of Mexico. Unpublished M. S, thesis, University Southern Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.

 

Sims, H. W., Jr. and E. A. Joyce, Jr. 1966. Partial albinism in a blue crab. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 28(4): (for 1965): 373-374.

 

Sinderman, C. J. and A. Rosenfield. 1967. Principal diseases of commercially important marine bivalve Mollusca and Crustacea. Fishery Bulletin. 66(2): 335-385.

 

Sizemore, R. K., H. S. Tubiash, T. E. Lovelace, and R. R. Colwell. 1975. Bacterial flora of hemolymph of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus: numerical taxonomy. Applied Microbiology 29:393–399.

 

Smith, H. M. 1907. The Fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey. Volume II. Raleigh, North Carolina. 453 pages.

 

Smith, M. 1971. Productivity of marine ponds receiving treated sewage. In E. J. Kuenzler and A. F. Chestnut, Structure and functioning of estuarine ecosystems exposed to treated sewage waters. Optimum ecological designs for estuarine ecosystems in North Carolina. Sea Grant No. GH103, Project UNC-10. Annual Report for 1970-71. Pages 24-41.

 

Spirito, C. P. 1972. An analysis of swimming behavior in the portunid crab Callinectes sapidus. Marine Behavior and Physiology. 1(3): 261-276.

 

Sprague, V. 1970. Some protozoan parasites and hyperparasites in marine decapod Crustacea. Pages 416-430 In S. F. Snieszko (ed.), A symposium on diseases of fished and shell fishes. Special Publication, 5, American Fisheries Society, Washington, D. C.

 

Stagg, C., M. Holloway, R. Rugolo, K. Knotts, L. Kline, and D. Logan. 1994. Evaluation of the1990 recreational, charter boat, and commercialstriped bass fishing surveys, and design of a recreational blue crab survey.  Maryland Department ofNatural Resources.

 

Stagg, C. and M. Whilden. 1997. The history of Chesapeake Bay’s blue crab (Callinectes sapidus): fisheries and management. Investigciones Marinas Valparafso. 25: 93-104.

 

Steele, P. 1979. A synopsis of the biology of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus Rathbun in Florida. In H. M. Perry and W. A. Van Engle (eds.). Proceedings of the Blue Crab Colloquium, October 18-19, 1979. Pages 29-35. Gulf States Marine Fishery Commission, Biloxi, Mississippi

 

Stentiford, G. D., and J. D. Shields. 2005. A review of the parasitic dinoflagellates Hematodinium species and Hematodinium-like infections in marine crustaceans. Dis. Aquat. Org. 66:47–70.

 

Summers, J. K., H. W. Hoffman, and W. A. Richkus. 1983. Randomized sample surveys to estimateannual blue crab harvests by a multi-gear fishery in the Maryland waters of Chesapeake Bay.North American Journal Fisheries Management. 3: 9-20.

 

Summers, J. K., W. A. Rickus, H. W. Hoffman, C. Bonzek, H. H. King, and M. Burch. 1983. Application of random sample surveys to estimate the commercial blue crab harvest in Maryland. North American Journal Fisheries Management. 3: 21-25.

 

Tagatz, M. E. 1968. Biology of the blue crab, Callincetes sapidus Rathbun, in the St. Johns River, Florida. Fishery Bulletin. 67(1): 17-33.

 

Tagatz, M. E. 1971. Osmoregulatory ability of blue crabs in different temperature-salinity combinations. Chesapeake Science. 12(1): 14-17.

 

Tagatz, M. E.  and  A. B. Hall. 1971. Annotated bibliography on the fishing industry and biology of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. NOAA Technical Report NMFS SSRF- 640, 94 pages.

 

Taissourn, N. E. 1969. Las especies de cangrejos del genero “Callinectes” (brachyura) en el Golfo de Venezuela y Largo de Maracaibo. Boletin del Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas. 2, 103 pages.

 

Tang, O. 1985. Modification of the Ricker stock recruitment model to account for environmentally induced variation on recruitment with particular reference to the blue crab fishery in Chesapeake Bay. Fishery Research. 3: 13-21.

 

Tatum, W. M. 1979. The blue crab fishery of Alabama. In H. L. Loyacano, Jr., and J. P. Smith (eds.). Symposium on the natural resources of the Mobile estuary, Alabama. Pages 211-220. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile, Alabama.

 

Teytaud, A. R. 1971. The laboratory studies of sex recognition in the blue crab Callinectes sapidus Rathbun. University of Miami Sea Grant Technical Bulletin. 15. 63 pages.

 

Thomas, J. L. 1989. A comparative evaluation of Halodule wrightii, Spartina alterniflora and bare sand as nursery habitats for juvenile Callinectes sapidus. Unpublished M. S. thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. 110 pages.

 

Thomas, J. L., R. J. Zimmerman and T. J. Minello. 1990. Abundance patterns of juvenile blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) in nursery habitats of two Texas bays. Bulletin Marine Science. 46(1): 115-125.

 

Tilmant, J. T. 1989. A history and an overview of recent trends in the fisheries of Florida Bay. Bulletin Marine Sciences. 44(1): 3-33.

 

Troedsson, C. R. F. Lee, T. Walters, V. Stobes, K. Brinkley, V. Naegele, and M. E. Frischer. 2008. Detection and discovery of crustacean parasites in blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) by using 18S rRNA gene-targeted denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71(14): 4346-4353.

 

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United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 1991. Blue Crab (Callinectes sapidus). Chesapeake Species of Special Emphasis. U.S. Government Printing Office: 1991-0-501-106. 2 pages.

 

Van Den Avyle, M. J. and D. L. Fowler. 1984.Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic—blue crab. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. FWS/OBS-82/11.19.

 

Van Engle, W. A 1958. The blue crab fishery in Chesapeake Bay. Commercial Fisheries Review. 20(6): 6-17.

 

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Wolff, T. 1954. Tre ostamerikanska krabber fundet i Danmark. Flora og Fauna. 60 Argang 1&2: 19-34.

 

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Zeriman, J. C. 1982. The ecology o the seagrasses of south Florida: community profile. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. FWS/OBS-82/25.

 

Zimmerman, R. J. 1969. An ecological study of the macro-fauna occurring in turtle grass (Thalassia testudinum) surrounding Ransom Island in Redfish Bay, Texas. M. S. thesis, Texas A&I University, Kingsville, Texas. 129 pages.

 

Tortoise Reserve, White Lake, NC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Literature on bycatch in crab pots other than terrapins Jump to the top

 

Arcement, E., and V. Guillory.  1994.  Ghost fishing in vented and unvented blue crab traps.  Proc. La. Acad. Sci. 56:1-7.

 

Boudreau, M.  1991.  Use of galvanic time release mechanism on crab traps during the 1991 snow crab fishing season.  Rep. #3006 prepared for the Resource Allocation Branch, Quebec Region.  

 

Breen, P.A. 1987.  Mortality of Dungeness crabs caused by lost traps in the Fraser River estuary, British Columbia.  N. Amer. J. Fish. Mang. 7:429-435.

 

Gagnon, M., and M. Boudreau.  1991.  Sea trials of a galvanic corrosion delayed release mechanism for snow crab traps.  Dept. Fish and Oceans, Can. Tech. Rep. of Fish. and Aquatic Sci., 1803.

 

Guillory, V.  1993.  Ghost fishing by blue crab traps.  N. Amer. J. Fish. Mang. 13:459-466.

 

Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission. 2003. Guild-lines for developing derelict trap removal programs in the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf States Marine Fisheries Comission, Ocean Springs, Mississippi, Publication Number 110, 7 pages.

 

High, W. L., and D. D. Worlund.  1978.  Escape of king crabs, Paralithodes camtschaticus, from derelict pots.  NOAA Tech. Rep. SSRF. 734.

 

Logothetis, E.A., D. Beresoff, T. Likos, E. Wood, and D. Rimmer.  2007. Characterizing the offshore population of blue crabs, and tracking the movements of mature female blue crabs in central and southeastern North Carolina in 2005 and 2006.  NC Sea Grant, Blue Crab Research Program, Raleigh, NC.  Final Report 06-POP-02. 43p. 

 

McKenna, S., and J. T. Camp.  1992.  An examination of the blue crab fishery in the Pamlico River estuary.  Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine Study Rep. No. 92-08. 101p.

 

Paul, J. M., A. J. Paul, and A. Kimker.  1993.  Tests of galvanic release for escape devices in crab pots.  Alaska Dept. Fish and Game. Div. Comm. Fish. Rep. No. 2A93-02, 16p.

 

Scarsbrook, J.R., G.A. McFarlane, and W. Shaw.  1988.  Effectiveness of experimental escape mechanisms in sablefish traps.  N. Amer. J. Fish. Mang. 8:158-161.

 

Seaman, W., Jr., and D. Y. Aska, editors.  1974.  Research and information needs for the Florida spiny lobster fishery.  Univ. Fla. Sea Grant Pub. SUSF-SG-74-201.

 

Seaman, W., Jr., and D. Y. Aska, editors.  1974.  Research and information needs for the Florida spiny lobster fishery.  Univ. Fla. Sea Grant Pub. SUSF-SG-74-201.

 

Sheldon, W. W., and R. L. Dow.  1975.  Trap contributions to losses in the American lobster fishery.  Fish. Bull. 73:449-451.

 

Shively, D. J.  1997.  Degradability of natural materials used to attach escapement panels to blue crab traps in Texas.  S-K Grant NA67FD0034.  18p

 

Smolowitz, R. J.  1978.  Trap design and ghost fishing: Discussion.  Mar. Fish. Rev. 40(4-5):59-67.

 

Thorpe, T., D. Beresoff., and M. Hooper. 2004. Bycatch potential, discard mortality, and condition of fish and turtles associated with the North Carolina commercial blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) pot fishery.  Final Report to the North Carolina Marine Fisheries Commission Blue Crab Research Program. 03-POP-04. 37 pp.

 

Thorpe, T., and T. Likos.  2005. Bycatch potential, discard mortality, and condition of fish and  turtles associated with the spring commercial blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) pot fishery.  Final Report to the North Carolina Marine Fisheries Commission Blue Crab Research Program. 04-POP-03. 20 pp.

 

Winslow, D. L.  2004.  Comparison of degradable material in escape panels on blue crab pots in North Carolina.  M.S. Thesis East Carolina University.  125p.

Tortoise Reserve, White Lake, NC